Document Type : Original Research Manuscripts

Authors

1 Ph.D. Student, Information Science and Knowledge studies, Faculty of Psychology & Education, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Ph.D. Candidate, Knowledge Management, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Ph.D. Candidate, Information Science and Knowledge_ Information Retrieval and Knowledge, Faculty of Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

This study aims to create an integrated metadata system to organize information and content knowledge of Iranian websites to protect, represent, access, retrieve and provide a suitable metadata model for archiving such resources in the country. This applied research was done by a documentary (library) and a survey method. In the initial study, the world's leading patterns in web archiving were selected, then metadata elements were extracted from the official site of each template and refined and homogenized in the comparative table. The research tool, a questionnaire including the description of each metadata element and the importance of its existence in describing web content was provided to information science experts. Due to the indigenous needs, open tables were allocated to record them. To organize the content knowledge of Iranian websites, thirty-eight metadata elements were prioritized and evaluated by information science experts. knowledge organization of web content will strengthen the representation, facilitate retrieval and prevent content loss when it is based on the standard and integrated metadata templates while increasing user satisfaction. In this research, information science experts have recognized that the metadata elements of Title, Subject, Creator, and Format are more important.

Keywords

About the Internet Archive. (2021). Retrieved 5 11, 2022, from Internet Archive: https://archive.org/about/
Ahmadi, N. S., Ojagh, F. S., Namvar, Z., Rahimnejhad, F., Zardari, S., Peymani, H., & Farizadeh, Z. (2009). Metadata standards. Tehran, Tehran, Tehran: Chapar. Retrieved 2022. [in Persian]
Costa, M., Gomes, D., & Silva, M. J. (2016, 5 9). The evolution of web archiving. International Journal on Digital Libraries, 18(3), 191-205. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00799-016-0171-9
Di Pretoro, E., & Geeraert, F. (2019). Behind the scenes of web archiving: metadata of harvested websites. Archives et Bibliothèques de Belgique-Archief-en Bibliotheekwezen in België, 106, 63-74.
Doroodi, F. (2009). Web Archiving Book Review. Ganjineh Asnad, 2(74), 115-122. Retrieved 5 10, 2022, from http://ensani.ir/file/download/article/20120325113020-1011-102.pdf. [in Persian]
Emmanuel Di Pretoro, F. G. (2019, 5 9). Behind the Scenes of Web Archiving: Metadata of Harvested. 63-74. Retrieved 5 11, 2022, from https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02124714
Finnemann, N. O. (2019). Web archive. Knowledge Organization 49(1), 47-70. Retrieved 4 9, 2022, from ISKO: https://www.isko.org/cyclo/web_archive#7
Gomes, D., & Costa, M. (2014, 4). The Importance of Web Archives for Humanities. International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing, 8(1), 106-123. doi:10.3366/ijhac.2014.0122
Gomes, D., Miranda, J., & Costa, M. (2011). A Survey on Web Archiving Initiatives. Gradmann, S., Borri, F., Meghini, C., Schuldt, H. (eds) Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries TPDL. doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-24469-8_41
Hakimzadeh, R. (2017). Web Archiving. National Archives Quarterly, 48-67. Retrieved 5 10, 2022, from magiran.com/p1959195. (in Persian)
Hassanzadeh, Mohammad (2017) Information storage and retrieval. Tehran: Samt (in Persian)
IIPC WAC 2022: #WHYWEBARCHIVING: PRESERVING INTERNET CONTENT FOR RESEARCH USE. (2022, 6 21). Library of Congress. Retrieved 6 24, 2022, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B26KMgI8iY8
Kim, J., & Lee, H. (2007). Development of Metadata Elements for Intensive Web Archiving. Journal of Information Management, 24(2), 143-160. doi:https://doi.org/10.3743/KOSIM.2007.24.2.143
Library of Congress. (2022). IIPC Web Archiving conference. Retrieved 6 24, 2022, from International Internet Preservation Consortium: https://netpreserve.org/ga2022/virtual-visit-to-the-library-of-congress/
Merriam Webster. (n.d.). Metadata. Retrieved 5 10, 2022, from Merriam Webster: https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/metadata
Metadata. (2022). Retrieved 5 10, 2022, from EBU Technology & Innovation: https://tech.ebu.ch/metadata
New World Encyclopedia. (2018, 12 20). Online Computer Library Center. (New World Encyclopedia) Retrieved 5 10, 2022, from New World Encyclopedia: https://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/p/index.php?title=Online_Computer_Library_Center&oldid=1016746
Niu, J. (2012). An Overview of Web Archiving. School of Information Faculty Publications, 308. Retrieved 5 10, 2022, from http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/si_facpub/308?utm_source=scholarcommons.usf.edu%2Fsi_facpub%2F308&utm_medium=PDF&utm_campaign=PDFCoverPages
Nooshin Fard, F., and Rezaei Sharifabadi, S., and Eshghabadi, M. (2012). Review of National Web Archive Collection Policies in Selected Countries: Provide Proposed Lists for National Web Archives. Document Treasure, 22 (1 (85 in a row), 80-106. https://www.sid.ir/fa/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=173621
Preservation Services. (2022). Retrieved 4 9, 2022, from Harvard Library: https://preservation.library.harvard.edu/web-archiving
Program Web Archiving. (2022). Retrieved 6 24, 2022, from Library of Congress: https://www.loc.gov/programs/web-archiving/about-this-program/
Promoting the interests of public service media. (2022). Retrieved 5 10, 2022, from EBU: https://www.ebu.ch/about
 Ravoof, S. (2022). How to Archive a Website: Our Mammoth Guide to Saving Your Site? Retrieved 5 9, 2022, from Kinsta: https://kinsta.com/blog/archive-a-website/
Shadanpoor, F. (2010). Iran Web Archive (Phase 1): Feasibility Study of Creating a Web Archive in the National Archives and Library Organization. Research project, Documents Organization and National Library of the Islamic Republic of Iran, National Library of the Islamic Republic of Iran. [in Persian]
Shafiei Alavicheh, S., Ghaebi, A., & Rezaee sharifabadi, S. (2009). Examine the metadata elements contained in web pages resulting from searches on public search engines. Information Processing and Management (Information Science and Technology), 0. Retrieved 5 11, 2022, from https://www.sid.ir/fa/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=102949. (in Persian)
Taheri, M. (2008). Comparing the efficiency of the Dublin Core Metadata Framework and the Marc 21 metadata format in organizing the World Wide Web information resources. Library and Information Science, 43(3), 139-158. Retrieved 5 11, 2022, from http://lis.aqr-libjournal.ir/article_43734.html. (in Persian)
Web Archiving. (2022). Retrieved 4 9, 2022, from IIPC International Internet Preservation Consortium: https://netpreserve.org/web-archiving/about-archiving/
Web Archiving. (2022). Retrieved 4 9, 2022, from IIPC:  https://us02web.zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_CB749fYYQ4OWG7R-V-v1XQ
Wiedeman, G. (2019). Describing Web Archives: A Computer-Assisted Approach. Journal of Contemporary Archival Studies, 6(1), 31.